Colloquially known as ‘Ferrari Red’, Pyrrole Red was first seen on all red Ferraris from the year 2000. The pigment is based on an organic compound called Diketo-pyrrolo-pyrrole (or DPP for short), first known to have been synthesized in 1974 by a chemistry professor at Michigan State University. Developed by Ciba-Geigy, one of the original modern synthetic pigment manufacturers, it revolutionized the automobile paint industry when it patented the first known method of producing the pigment in 1983. Red paint used by auto manufacturers tended to fade and develop a dusty look known as “chalking.” The pyrroles were, in comparison, extraordinarily bright, stable and resistant to ultraviolet light and extremes of heat and cold. Developed only a few years later, Pyrrole Orange is its yellow-shade cousin. Both share important qualities for artistic use: they are highly opaque (unlike most modern synthetic pigments) highly lightfast, chromatically very pure and non-toxic.